Coffee may be grown from seed or from cloned plants in the form of cuttings, grafts or tissue cultured plants. Arabica coffee is most commonly grown from selected seed unless there are special figure of six for using clones.
A number of steps are necessary for production of good seedlings. Calculate the amount of seed needed and the area required. Seed loses viability within three months and should not be used after that period unless properly stored at low temperature and high humidity. Select ripe healthy fruit from the required variety and from plants that have good productivity, low or no incidence of rust and good cup quality. Pulp cherries, ferment for one night, wash clean, and dry the parchment slowly in shade on raised platforms or trays with good air movement for two to three days. NOTE: Coffee seed that is used for planting is actually parchment with the parchment hull still in place.