Jump to navigation Jump to search For his wife, ngo names ideas Madame Nhu. In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Ngô, but is often simplified to Ngo in English-language text. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Nhu.
He was the younger brother and chief political advisor of South Vietnam’s first president, Ngô Đình Diệm. In his early age, Nhu was a quiet and bookish individual who showed little inclination towards the political path taken by his elder brothers. In 1955, Nhu’s supporters helped intimidate the public and rig the 1955 State of Vietnam referendum that ensconced his elder brother, Diệm, in power. Nhu used the Cần Lao, which he organised into cells, to infiltrate every part of society to root out opposition to the Ngô family. In 1963, the Ngô family’s grip on power became unstuck during the Buddhist crisis, during which the nation’s Buddhist majority rose up against the pro-Catholic regime. Nhu’s family originated from the central Vietnamese village of Phú Cam.
His family had served as mandarins in the imperial court in Huế. His father, Ngô Đình Khả, was a counselor to Emperor Thành Thái during the French colonisation. In his early years, Nhu was aloof from politics and was regarded as a bookish and quiet personality who preferred academic pursuits. Nhu completed a bachelor’s degree in literature in Paris and then studied paleography and librarianship, graduating from the École Nationale des Chartes, an archivists’ school in Paris. He returned to Vietnam from France at the outbreak of World War II. Nhu worked at Hanoi’s National Library and in 1943, he married Trần Lệ Xuân, later known universally as “Madame Nhu”.
She was a Buddhist but converted to her husband’s religion. After the August Revolution of 1945, when Hồ Chí Minh’s communist Viet Minh declared independence, various groups as well as the French colonialists jockeyed for political control. Up to this point, Nhu had kept a relatively low-key profile. However, he appeared to imbue personalist ideas into his elder brother, who used the philosophy’s terminology in his speeches. Diệm and Nhu thought that personalism went well with their “Third Force” anti-communist and anti-colonial ideology.